Scribal Note: There are no specific divine commentaries on the content of verses within this chapter. Upon enquiry of The Spirit as to the absence of such commentaries on Ezekiel Ch 18, The Lord shares His divine intent on this chapter:
received My word,
so the souls which sin shall die –
both when within the law encased in their wicked ways,
both when without the covering of grace readily available –
without repentance from a blood-bathed heart.
For the transgressions of Israel still bring destruction on their heads for the sins they carry –
as they continue waiting for The Saviour,
The I AM,
long since come and gone.
For they still continue shouting for ‘Barabbas’ in their hearts as the message lies upon the dust,
unaccepted by the sinful souls who wail.
For they still continue in their choice of remaining under law and with the chasing of good works.
For they still have their backs turned on the benevolence of grace.”
Eze 18:1 The word of the LORD came to me again, saying,
Eze 18:2 "What do you mean when you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying: 'The fathers have eaten sour grapes, And the children's teeth are set on edge'?
Eze 18:3 "As I live," says the Lord GOD, "you shall no longer use this proverb in Israel.
Eze 18:4 "Behold, all souls are Mine; The soul of the father As well as the soul of the son is Mine; The soul who sins shall die.
Eze 18:5 But if a man is just And does what is lawful and right;
Eze 18:6 If he has not eaten on the mountains, Nor lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, Nor defiled his neighbour's wife, Nor approached a woman during her impurity;
Eze 18:7 If he has not oppressed anyone, But has restored to the debtor his pledge; Has robbed no one by violence, But has given his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with clothing;
Eze 18:8 If he has not exacted usury Nor taken any increase, But has withdrawn his hand from iniquity And executed true judgment between man and man;
Eze 18:9 If he has walked in My statutes And kept My judgments faithfully— He is just; He shall surely live!" Says the Lord GOD.
Eze 18:10 "If he begets a son who is a robber Or a shedder of blood, Who does any of these things
Eze 18:11 And does none of those duties, But has eaten on the mountains Or defiled his neighbour's wife;
Eze 18:12 If he has oppressed the poor and needy, Robbed by violence, Not restored the pledge, Lifted his eyes to the idols, Or committed abomination;
Eze 18:13 If he has exacted usury Or taken increase— Shall he then live? He shall not live! If he has done any of these abominations, He shall surely die; His blood shall be upon him.
Eze 18:14 "If, however, he begets a son Who sees all the sins which his father has done, And considers but does not do likewise;
Eze 18:15 Who has not eaten on the mountains, Nor lifted his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, Nor defiled his neighbour's wife;
Eze 18:16 Has not oppressed anyone, Nor withheld a pledge, Nor robbed by violence, But has given his bread to the hungry And covered the naked with clothing;
Eze 18:17 Who has withdrawn his hand from the poor And not received usury or increase, But has executed My judgments And walked in My statutes— He shall not die for the iniquity of his father; He shall surely live!
Eze 18:18 "As for his father, Because he cruelly oppressed, Robbed his brother by violence, And did what is not good among his people, Behold, he shall die for his iniquity.
Eze 18:19 "Yet you say, 'Why should the son not bear the guilt of the father?' Because the son has done what is lawful and right, and has kept all My statutes and observed them, he shall surely live.
Eze 18:20 "The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.
Eze 18:21 "But if a wicked man turns from all his sins which he has committed, keeps all My statutes, and does what is lawful and right, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
Eze 18:22 "None of the transgressions which he has committed shall be remembered against him; because of the
righteousness which he has done, he shall live.
Eze 18:23 "Do I have any pleasure at all that the wicked should die?" says the Lord GOD, "and not that he should turn from his ways and live?
Eze 18:24 "But when a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and commits iniquity, and does according to all the abominations that the wicked man does, shall he live? All the righteousness which he has done shall not be remembered; because of the unfaithfulness of which he is guilty and the sin which he has committed, because of them he shall die.
Eze 18:25 "Yet you say, 'The way of the Lord is not fair.' Hear now, O house of Israel, is it not My way which is fair, and your ways which are not fair?
Eze 18:26 "When a righteous man turns away from his righteousness, commits iniquity, and dies in it, it is because of the iniquity which he has done that he dies.
Eze 18:27 "Again, when a wicked man turns away from the wickedness which he committed, and does what is lawful and right, he preserves himself alive.
Eze 18:28 "Because he considers and turns away from all the transgressions which he committed, he shall surely live; he shall not die.
Eze 18:29 "Yet the house of Israel says, 'The way of the Lord is not fair.' O house of Israel, is it not My ways which are fair, and your ways which are not fair?
Eze 18:30 "Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways," says the Lord GOD. "Repent, and turn from all your transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your ruin.
Eze 18:31 "Cast away from you all the transgressions which you have committed, and get yourselves a new heart and a new spirit. For why should you die, O house of Israel?
Eze 18:32 "For I have no pleasure in the death of one who dies," says the Lord GOD. "Therefore turn and live!"
* (18:17) Following Masoretic Text, Targum, and Vulgate; Septuagint reads iniquity (compare verse 8).